Comparing stories from different cultures

Previously you have read Dreamtime stories from Central Arnhem Land in Australia. Are stories like these unique for Aboriginal culture, or can similar stories be found in other countries and cultures?

Below are links to two stories, one from the Inuit people of Canada, and one from Ancient Greece. Choose one of the stories to work with. Read the story or watch the video and then answer the questions below for the story you have chosen to work with:

The story of Icarus (Greek mythology):



The story of the blind boy and the loon (from the Inuit legend):


  1. What is the story about? Give a short summary of the story in your own words.
  2. What is the message of the story?
  3. How does the story relate to the natural world? What elements of nature are included in the story?
  4. What can you learn from the story about human relations (for example, does the story show how different people relate to each other or how people should behave)?


Comparison and reflection:

5. What similarities are there in the story you have chosen here and the Dreamtime stories you read previously? Think about how nature is used, message, etc.

6. Do you think these stories reflect the society in which they are formed? Why/ why not?

7. Think of a common folk story from your culture. Does it have the same elements as the stories you have read? What are they?

8. Do folk stories still play an important role in western culture? Why/why not?

e. What role do folk stories play in expressing and maintaining culture?